4👑☸ Cattāri Ariya-saccaṃ 四聖諦
subverbal: (not in Eng. dictionary)
compliant definition of 'subverbal': mental co-activities (citta Saṅ-khārā) that underlie thoughts you think V&V💭
before you say them out loud (vāca). The most frequent subverbal activity terms used by the Buddha, is perceptions (sañña) and attention (manasi karoti) to perceptions.
✅samādhi nimittas, Dhamma, sati and Dhamma-vicaya span the whole range from verbal to vitakka and subverbal activity. Example: After V&V💭
ceases in first jhana, S&S🐘💭
continues as subverbal mental processing from 2nd jhana on up. Even in Abhidhamma, 31asb🧟
use verbal recitation of body parts as the entry into that meditation, and mental recitation V&V💭
continues into first jhana, then becomes S&S🐘💭
in 2nd jhana on up.
: See the perceptions and attention that underlie vitakka (thinking) referenced in 2nd and first jhana.
, AN 4.41
: hierarchy of vinnana, vedana, sanna, vitakka.
this is a 2nd and first jhana context - vitakka Saṅ-khārā underlie and precede vitakka (directed thoughts)
meditator with mind reading superpower can "hear" mental talk V&V💭
of first jhana meditators, and can directly perceive the mind of the subverbal mano-saṅkhārā of meditators in 2nd jhana and above.
⛔ vitakka in first jhana does not mean subverbal
, as late Abhidhamma redefines it. It always means directed thoughts, including those of verbal
nature, words of a language, thoughts you think before you say them out loud. Vism. apologists and corrupt monks who try to redefine jhana and vitakka claim that vitakka is subverbal, because the Buddha did not have existing words to describe subverbal activity. As you can see from above, there's already a rich selection of existing terms to describe subverbal activity, being used in jhana and samadhi context.
not in English dictionary
The word verbal means “relating to words.” The prefix sub- means “below” or “under” or something similar. So subverbal means “below the level of words.” Exactly what that implies would depend very much on the context, since subverbal is not a word you will find in the dictionary.
first jhana section synopsis, for comprehensive analysis and how subverbal fits in the context of the oral tradition, relationship to speech and thoughts (of mental talk).
1. spoken rather than written:
2. a verbal agreement/description/explanation
example: Airport officials received a stream of verbal abuse from angry passengers whose flights had been delayed.
Do you have it down in writing, or was it just a verbal agreement?
He had apparently experienced a lot of verbal abuse from his co-workers.
He launched into a verbal attack on her handling of the finances.
Sales assistants are often at the receiving end of verbal abuse from customers.
Many strikebreakers were subjected to verbal and physical attacks.
Merriam webster dictionary
(Entry 1 of 2)
1a : of, relating to, or consisting of words verbal instructions
b : of, relating to, or involving words rather than meaning or substance a consistency that is merely verbal and scholastic— B. N. Cardozo
c : consisting of or using words only and not involving action verbal abuse
2 : of, relating to, or formed from a verb a verbal adjective
3 : spoken rather than written a verbal contract
4 : verbatim, word-for-word a verbal translation
5 : of or relating to facility in the use and comprehension of words verbal aptitude
Definition of verbal (Entry 2 of 2)
: a word that combines characteristics of a verb with those of a noun or adjective — compare gerund, infinitive, participle