4👑☸ Cattāri Ariya-saccaṃ 四聖諦
* Pronounced "Eee-beee-pedia", rhymes with 'wikipedia'.
* An EBT wikipedia of important terms in Pāli and English.
* Formerly called UPED📚, U)ser-friendly P)āli E)nglish D)ictionary.
* Also contains English → Pāli glossary
* serves as lucid24.org subject index of wikipedia style research articles with copious EBT sutta links.
* All Pāli and English words alphabetized in English word order (closest matching pali diacritical removed for sorting purpose).
CPED: concise pāli english dictionary.
PED: PTS's pāli english dictionary.
Gls🕮 (obsolete - will incorporate into article soon. Who needs so many segregated sections when digital search on a single page makes things so much easier?)
0-9: Numbered things
The important and common numbered sets found in the EBT, such as four noble truths, can be found here: STED.
3aan = assāda ādīnava nissaraṇa: gratification, drawback, escape
3 aggi 🔥(fire) See 3am, 3 akusala mulani
3am 😈🌱= 3 a-kusala mulani = 3 un-skillful roots, The Unholy Trinity
4as = 4👑☸ = 4 ariya sacca = 4 Noble Truths
4bv☮️ = 4 Brahma vihāras = 4 Divine abidings
4dht (dhātu) = 4 dhātu = 4 elements/properties, rūpa is defined as this. 🌎💩🌊🌀🌪🔥. some suttas expand 4dht to 5 or 6 elements
4ip 🌕⚡ = 4 iddhi-pāda = 4 Power bases
4ipx 🌕⚡= 4 iddhi-pāda (extended formula) = 4ip + some instructions on luminosity, hindrances
4j🌕 = 4 jhānas 🌕
4 meditations (or absorptions)
4 meditations = a-subha 🧟, 1.🤝🤗 metta, 16🌬️😤 breath meditation, a-nicca sañña.
4pd🏹 = 4 padhāna = 4 exertions (of 37bp)
4👑☸ = 4👑☸ = 4 Noble Truths
4sp = 4 sati-'paṭṭhāna = 4 remembrance establishings.
5👑abi️ = 5 ariya bhavita indriya = Noble one's developed faculties, 5 masteries of perception, ariya iddhi superpower
5bal👊️ = 5 bala = 5 powers (of 37bp)
5ind🖐️ = 5 indriya = 5 faculties (of 37bp):
5k = 5 khandha = 5 aggregates
5kg = panca kāma-guṇā = 5 sensuality strings
5niv⛅ = pañca nīvaraṇā = 5 hindrances
5siv⚰️ = 5 cemetary contemplations.
5uk = 5 upādāna khandha = 5 clinging aggregates
6ab ⚡☸ 6 abhiñña = 6 Special Knowledges. 4th jhāna, and then some. 🕴️🌀🌪💪🌶️🔥 |
6aya = 6 āyatana = 6 sense bases 👁 -- 👂 -- 👃 -- 👅 -- 👄👆 -- 💭
7sb☀️ = satta bojjh-aṅga = 7 Awakening-Factors
7 sa-d-Dhamma🏰 = satta sa-d-dhamma = 7 true Dharmas
8aam = 👑8☸ = 8 ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo = Noble Eightfold Path
8 abhi-bh-āyatana = 8 bases of mastery
8 vimokkha = 8 liberations
9siv⚰️ = 9 cemetary contemplations 💀 ⚰️ ⚱️ 🧟
10ds: dasa saññā (ten perceptions): starting with asubha
10ksn 10 kasinas (totality)
11ada💩 : 11 ways of examining dukkha, 5uk.
11 eleven: 11x5uk, 11ada, these go to eleven
12ps = 12 paṭicca sam-uppāda = 12 (links of) Dependent co-origination
12psn = 12 ps, nirodha = cessation of 12 (links of) Dependent co-origination
16🌬️😤 , APS 16, APSS 16 = refers to 16 steps of APS
31asb🧟 = 31 a-subha = 31 un-attractive [body parts] | 31 pictures
32 body parts: In Theravada EBT, it's 31 body parts, not 32. Later Theravada adds the 'brain' to make the list 32 for some reason. See 31asb🧟.
32 marks of the great man: Not a Buddhist thing. Probably imported into Buddhism to claim superiority over religions that value this phenomena.
37bp🕊️ = 37 bodhi pakkhiya = 37 awakening wings
a, an (prefix): have four main semantic functions: negative, privative, invertive and idiomatic.
abhi-dhamma: Has some EBT strata within its 7 books, but mostly is its own separate religion with ideas incompatible with EBT.
abhijjhā: avarice, greed, covetousness.
🔗A.B.H.I.J.jhā = Always Be Happy In Jhāna.
abhi-nandana: to delight, relish, enjoy.
agga: 1. supreme, 2. place, 3. mountain peak 🗻; see related terms under Ek'agga
Ānānda: joy, bliss. 🔗orgasmic rapture in early vedic use.
Ānā-pāna-s-sati: See 16🌬️😤: in breath - out breath - remembering.
A-nimitta samādhi: sign-less samādhi.
Peter Harvey article.
āneñja: imperturbable. usually referring to 4th jhana j4🌕 āneñja⚡, or first 2 formless attainments.
📖 Anuruddha Threshold: Searching for the sustainable limit of how much sleep and food are actually needed.
a-p-pamāda 🐘🐾: Assiduity. Assiduous practice of ☸Dharma for nirvana. Stream enterers slacking and not diligent in their practice the Buddha called them the opposite word pamāda (negligent).
APS = Ānā-pānā Sati = Inhaling-exhaling Remembering; 😤
APSS = Ānāpānā Sati Samādhi = Inhaling-exhaling Remembering for Undistractable-Lucidity
ariya = noble. Can be referring to any of the 4 attainments of stream entry, once returner, or non-returner, or arahant. 🔗📝.
ariya-savaka = noble one's disciple. One who hears/learns the teachings of a noble one, but is not necessarily a noble one themself. LBT Commentary erroneously claims ariya-savaka is at least a stream-enterer.
a-sekha = an arahant who no longer needs training of a trainee (sekha), since they are not being liable to rebirth (SN 48.53), and they have direct experience with 5ind🖐️ resulting in the culmination of that.
ASND 🌕🌟 āloka saññaṃ -> ñāṇa dassana = 🌤 🌣 Luminosity Perception -> knowledge & vision. That is, luminosity, visual light that you see with your eyes closed in meditation is used as the primary object of the samādhi practice. When developed to mastery along with 4j and 4ip, then the 6ab, manifestations of ñāṇa dassana (Knowledge and Vision), are easily obtainable. Charge up 4th jhana so you got super bright light any time day or night 🕐 -- 🕑 -- 🕒 -- 🕓 -- 🕔 -- 🕕 -- 🕖 -- 🕗 -- 🕘 -- 🕙 -- 🕚 -- 🕛
a-saṅkhata: un-fabricated, un-conditioned-thing. see Saṅ-khārā.
a-subha 🧟: un-attractive, non-beautiful. In meditation context usually referring to 31asb🧟.
Āsava: asinine-inclinations, effluent (Ṭhānissaro Bhikkhu), taint (b.bodhi).
attha, aṭṭha: sense, meaning, import (of a word), denotation, signification 🔗📝
āyatana: sphere; region; sense-organ; position. (nt.) 6aya = 👁 👂 👃 👅 👆 💭
Bāhiya: disciple famous for most quickly attaining arahantship after hearing, ”...the seen shall be merely the seen, the heard shall be merely the heard..."
Bhikkhu Bodhi: famous American monk, translated pali sutta pitaka into English.
Bhante Gunaratana: famous Sri Lankan monk, formerly followed Abhidhamma and VRJ👻🥶 but has amended his views on jhāna and now teaches it according to EBT.
been there, done that: See 4⚡♾️🏠 (recollection of past lives). 🔗📝
brahma: a class of deity in the one of the higher deva worlds.
Brahma-cariya: living the holy life [of ☸Dharma], which includes celibacy/chastity [mental and physical].
Brahma-Vihāra: divine-abiding: See 4bv☮️.
Buddha: An awakened being. Also see bodhi, arahant. In EBT, term reserved usually for Gotama the Buddha.
caṅkama 🚶 : walking meditation, jhana all 4 postures
citta : [nt.] mind; thought; (m.), name of a month:
March-April. (adj.), variegated; manifold; beautiful. (nt.), a painting;
com·punc·tion: Ṭhānissaro Bhikkhu transl. of ottappa: fear and dread of the results of moral wrong-doing. See details section of article for difference between British and American defn.
conviction: Ṭhānissaro Bhikkhu transl. of saddha
dhamma .. dharma:
Dhamma, dhamma: 1. Buddha's teaching 2. natural law 3. idea cognizable by mind 4. thing
☸Dhamma-cakkhu: Dharma eye, attainment of which signals stream entry. See 🔗essay by Ṭhānissaro Bhikkhu.
dhātu: element, property. see 4dht (dhātu), the four great elements. (nt.)
eating 🍲🍴🥣: proper way of eating
EBT = Early Buddhist Teachings. (or Texts, but in the first 500 years it was an oral tradition with no books)
EBT timeline: time line of important events in EBT history.
effluent: liquid waste or sewage discharged into a river or sea, Ṭhānissaro Bhikkhu's transl. for Āsava.
Ek'agga, ekaggata: single-preoccupation; 🔗📚
Ekodi, ekodi-bhavā: transcended into singularity
ek[ī/i]-bhāva, ekī-bhavati: see related terms under Ek'agga
ekatta: solitude. see related terms under Ek'agga
em☸jis: explanation of their usage and meaning.
Evañhi Vo Sikkhitabbaṃ: Thus Should You Train Yourselves. Comprehensive collection of all occurences of that important training injunction.
faith: a poor translation choice for saddha. Earned-trust, provisional-trust is more accurate.
fart💨: flatus, pass gas, flatulence, break wind.
FAQ:Frequently Asked Questions
fermentation: Along with 'effluent', two words Ṭhānissaro Bhikkhu uses to render Āsava.
FLIPT = Fast Learning Intuitive Pali Translation
gaṅgā : [f.] river; the Ganges.
gaṅgātīra : [nt.] riverbank.
gaṅgādvāra : [nt.] mouth of a river.
gaṅgādhāra : [m.] a river-basin.
gaṅgāpāra : [nt.] further bank of a river.
gaṅgāsota : [m.] river-stream; torrent.
gaṅgeyya : [adj.] belonging to the Ganges.
gaccha : [m.] a plant; a shrub.
gacchati : [gam + a] goes; moves; walks.
gacchanta : [pr.p. of gacchati] going; moving; walking.
gacchamāna : [pr.p. of gacchati] going; moving; walking.
gacchi : [aor. of gacchati] went; moved; walked.
hearing in jhāna, samādhi: You can 👂 hear sounds in the 4 jhānas. Which samādhis are silent? 🔗📝
hiri: shame and resistance toward wrong-doing
HOL 🍂 : Handful Of Leaves Principle.
identity — sakkāya
illness & medicine: relevant suttas
imperturbable: (āneñja) usually referring to 4th jhana j4🌕 āneñja⚡, or first 2 formless attainments.
inconstant* — anicca
insight — vipassanā
intellect — manas
intent — citta
In the Buddha's Words: An open source version of Bhikkhu Bodhi's book which maps out an ordered structure for the entire Buddhist path.
I only teach dukkha: "I only teach dukkha and its cessation." See HOL 🍂
Jabrama👻🥶-jhana: Ajahn Brahm's redefinition of Jhāna, similar to VRJ👻🥶 but without the underlying Abhidhamma.
J.A.S.I. ('Jazzy'): ”Jhānic Automatic Spinal Inflation”
jhāna-heavy: see definition within jhāna-lite.
🔗Jhāna Blocked by LBT Chauvinism, grooming the gullible: How to recognize their tactics, escape, and rebuild a better practice.
Jhāna-constipation ⛜🌊: A condition where one is practicing the method of attaining Jhāna correctly, but energy channels are partially blocked.
jhāna force, and equation: quantitative analysis of jhānic force.
jhāna-lite: Pejorative, derogatory characterization of EBT jhāna practitioners.
📖 Jhāna Passaddhi Baselines: How to use sati and SN 47.8 to improve your Jhāna.
jhāna (and samādhi) similes: a collection of sutta ref's.
Jhānitator 🤴👸 Arahant Maker: minute by minute step by step path to Arahantship.
JST🥪: (J)hāna (S)andwich (T)heorem.
kāma 💘💃: sensuality, lust, passion.
🔎search all usage
kamma: (sanskrit) Karma: action, work, deed
karoti (verb): do, act, work (see Kamma)
kasiṇa: totality. 🔗articles
kāya: 1) physical body, 2) group, 3) collection of things
kāya-gatā-sati 🏃: body-immersed-remembering.
🔗kayagata trans. disc.
kāya-sakkhī: body witness: means you personally experienced, not heard about or imagined.
kāya-saṅ-khāra: bodily co-activities, such as breath, postures, bodily movement. Also see 16🌬️😤 glosses for passadhi kaya sankhara.
kāyena phusitvā: see kāya-sakkhī, means you personally experienced, not heard about or imagined.
kāyena sacchi-karaṇīyā: truths that should be realized with the body [direct personal experience, not hearsay or imagination]. AN 4.189 and DN 33 (just a repeat of AN 4.189) states that it is 8 vimokkha that should be realized.
khama: (adj.) see khanti
khamati: (verb) see khanti
khanti: patient-endurance, forbearance, tolerance, forgiveness.
last will and testament: 🔗to my younger self
lay people: lay men, lay women, try to get laid. Renunciants have renounced that.
🔗advice for lay yogis
loke: world/cosmos. comprehensive survey of
mahā-bhūta: see 4dht (dhātu), the four great elements. (nt.)
🔗does not mean reduce sex... by 50%,
🔗SN 1.1 riddle
manta: pāli for mantra.
mantra: word or phrase vocally or mentally recited to aid in samādhi and sati remembering particular Dharmas
maraṇa-s-sati 💀: death remembrance
meditation timer: 🔗📝notes,tools
merit, meritorious deeds: see puñña
Metta ☮️: Friendly-kindness. Antonym: byāpāda (ill-will). syn: abyāpāda (good-will). metta derived from mitta (friend). See 1.🤝🤗
mindful, mindfulness: Popular Eng. Translation of sati (remembering, remembrance).
Mitta: friend. 🔗all suttas with 'mitta' in title
√ñā: know. 🔗📝
nāma-kāya: name-body: collection of mental factors, defined same as nāma in 12ps, see SN 12.2. 🔗all sutta referring to nāma-kāya
na ca sa-saṅkhāra-niggayha-vārita-gato: no forced restraint of defilements, a description of a purified 4th jhana that's capable of realizing 6ab ⚡☸.
nibbāna 🚫🔥: nirvāṇa (sanskrit) Nirvana (english): see ☸4nt → §3. Dukkha-nirodhaṃ for detailed treatment.
1. awakening, enlightenment, realization of arahant, defilements destroyed, no longer subject to rebirth.
2. ordinary daily life usage: extinguishment of a fire, quenching of thirst, cooling.
ni-j-jhāna: jhāna means 'meditation' with singular focus. ni-j-jhāna is nearly synonymous.
nimitta: sign, perceptual attunement.
nirvana: sanskrit and English word for nibbāna. 🔗📝
No Man’s Land ☠️: a very bad place. don't go there, exit immediately.
NWBH: Not What But How. Pronounced, "NWhaBuH". Trying hard isn't enough, details matter.
only dukkha: "I only teach dukkha and its cessation." See HOL 🍂
oral tradition: suttas and Buddha's teaching designed to work with this kind of learnning and transmission. Modern ways of learning miss out on a lot.
ottappa: fear and dread of the results of moral wrong-doing. Ṭhānissaro Bhikkhu transl. 'compunction'.
🔗Appears 84 times
in suttas with "appamatto ātāpī pahitatto": assiduous, ardent, resolute
pajānāti: (verb) (he) discerns. See sampajano def. in S&S🐘💭 for sutta usage examples.
pāḷi, a simple and fun tutorial: see ☸🦍. External notes: 🔗📝
paṇīta: exquisite. all refs to etaṃ santaṃ etaṃ paṇītaṃ (this is peaceful, this is exquisite)
papañca: proliferation: see AN 4.173, AN 4.174
paritta: 1. small; insignificant; little; 2. protection; protective charm. (adj.)
par for the Buddha: he redefines terms to a much higher standard ->
pari-mukha: entrance, mouth, face, general spatial area in front.
passaddhi: pacification, relaxation, some translators render this as 'tranquility.'
🔗paṭisambhidā: (fem) penetrating insight (into); analytical knowledge (of); discriminating understanding (of)
Pe: In the suttas, "...pe..." is an abbreviation for "Peyyāla" (elided text)
Peta: (ghosts) dead, departed, the departed spirit.
Peyyāla: elided text, like 'etc.'
🌟PIE: 🌟PIE = (P)recious (I)nternal (E)nergy.
Pīti: Rapture (primarily mental factor piti-manassa). Same in 7sb as it is in 4j. Pīti in contrast to other happy factors.
plain language: (also called plain writing or plain English) is communication your audience can understand the first time they read or hear it. see 🔗plain language guidelines
puñña : merit, meritorious deeds.
quality: A word many translators like to use for dhamma.
rebirth : born into another being after physical death.
reincarnation: see rebirth.
rūpa: 4 great elements, physical body, visible form
sabba: all, every, entirety.
sabba saṅkhāra samatho: all co-activities stilled (one of the ways Buddha describes nirvana).
saddha: earned-trust. A provisional trust or justifiable confidence.
sa-k-kāya: identity. MN 44 says sakkāya is explained through appropriation (upādāna) of the five aggregates (khandhā), hence - identity as five aggregates.
samādahaṃ cittaṃ: undistractify-&-lucidify the mind. Make the mind undistractable and lucid. Bring mind into samādhi.
samādhi: undistractible-lucidity. See 👑8☸ →
8🌄 = sammā-samādhi, right undistractible-lucidity
☂️ Samādhi: broad umbrella term in every type of usage in EBT.
samāhitaṃ cittaṃ: a mind that has been undistractifed-&-lucidified. A mind that has been brought into a state of samādhi.
sampajāno, sampajañña, etc: lucid-discerning. See S&S🐘💭 for sutta usage examples.
Saṁvega: Inspired with spiritual emotion, often accompanied by a sense of urgency. (Ṭhānissaro Bhikkhu defn.-) A sense of chastened dismay over the meaninglessness and futility of life as it is ordinarily lived, combined with a strong sense of urgency in looking for a way out.
Saṅ-khārā: co-activities, co-doings, fabrications, conditioned-things.
saṅkhata: fabricated, conditioned-thing. see Saṅ-khārā.
sanskrit: (abbreviation is Skt.) an ancient Indo-European language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written and from which many northern Indian (Indic) languages are derived.
santa: peaceful. all refs to etaṃ santaṃ etaṃ paṇītaṃ (this is peaceful, this is exquisite)
sarīra: physical body, corpse
sati: remembering/remembrance: (4sp) = (☸ 8aam) → 7🐘 = (7sb) → 1🐘 = (5ind) (5bal) → 3🐘
sekha = a trainee who has attained at least stream entry, once returner, or non-returner, but is not yet an arahant. (Proof : The distinction between sekha and asekha with regard to the five faculties as given in SN 48.53 is identical to the distinction between the stream enterer and the arahant as given in SN 48.3 and SN 48.4.)
skt.: abbreviation for sanskrit.
sleep😴: proper way of sleeping.
SLUMP🌄👁 : Simplified Language (of) Universal Meditation Principles. A glossary of meditation terms to help non Buddhists to differentiate between EBT and general meditation principles.
slurp🥤 : (new English word borrowed from Programming language) a key word or phrase that incorporates a formula or teaching detailed elsewhere in EBT
subha: attractive, beautiful, shining.
sukha: pleasure, pleasant, happy, bliss
subverbal: mental co-activities (citta Saṅ-khārā) that underly thoughts you think V&V💭 before you say them out loud (vāca).
su-gata: well-gone: Freq. Ep. of the Buddha.
suicide: SN 4.23 because of falling away from ceto vimutti 6 times, SN 22.87 debilitating pain, SN 54.9 scores of monks doing asubha,
taint: B. Nanamoli and Bhikkhu Bodhi's transl. for Āsava.
Ṭhānissaro Bhikkhu: Famous American Monk, known for EBT books and translations.
telephone: game of broken telephone, chinese whispers, 🔗📝
theme — nimitta
Thera: Elders. see Thera-vāda.
Thera-vāda: Elders' - sayings. Southern Buddhism.
timer: 🔗📝meditation timer: notes,tools
tranquility — (b.than) samatha. Other translators might refer to passaddhi.
transcendent — lokuttara
transmigration: see rebirth.
🏃📐 ujuṃ kāyaṃ: straightened body (term that appears in sutta passages on meditative postures)
unbinding: B. Thanissaro's translation of nibbāna.
🛆👁 Upekkha: equanimous-observation in 🌕Jhānas, ☀️7sb, ☮️4bv
upekkha-sukha: a nonsensical term created by abhidhamma to differentiate sukha of 3rd jhana from the first 2 jhanas.
Vācā 💬 🗣 (f.) = vocalization, vocalized speech 🗣, speech 💬 . [Vedic vāk (vāc˚) voice, Lat. vox=voice]
vacī-saṅ-khāro = vocalization-co-activities, see MN 44, the thoughts you think before you say them out loud. Equivalent to V&V💭.
vāda: sayings, theory, creed. see Thera-vāda.
Vangīsa Thera: Arahant famous for skill in spontaneous verse and poetry.
Vedana: feelings, experienced sensations, one of the 5uk. 🔗vedana in jhāna, SN 48.40 parallels
verbal: spoken rather than written. related: subverbal
vicara & vicāra: walking/wandering/exploring. see articles under vitakka & vicāra
Vīmaṃsā💭🕵️: discrimination, inquiring, 4th iddhipada, 4ip 🌕⚡.
vimutti-magga: liberation-path, see Vimt.. Book by Arahant Upatissa upon which Vism. is based.
vi-passana: clear-seeing, insightful-seeing.
vitakka & vicāra: thinking & evaluation (of said thought): V&V💭 in the EBT
V&V💭 = vitakka & vicāra
1. seclusion; solitude; detachment; disengagement. 2. discrimination; understanding; true knowledge.
vow: strong binding committment.
VRJ👻🥶: (V)isuddhi-magga (Re)-definition of (J)hana. Also see Jabrama👻🥶-jhana.
wacky: Adjective: Ludicrous, foolish.
wakeful, wakefulness: see jāgara
warm fuzzies: feelings of happiness, contentment, or sentimentality
who's Who?🦉: in the Buddhist world.
X-axis: The horizontal axis in a plane coordinate system
🔗Yatv-ādhi-karaṇamenaṃ: because of having done that
Yogi hacks: Tricks to save time, be more efficient to leave more time for Dharma.
Youth is wasted on the young.
zen: Japanese transliteration of jhāna.
ℹ️ = information, help
The navigation bar, the sticky bar at the top with all the letters, are hyperlinks to jump to the part of the page with words starting with that letter.
On most web browsers, such as fire fox, control-f will do a search within a webpage such as this one. There's a check box to turn off diacritical symbol matching. For example, without the box checked, you could search for "anapana" and it would find "Ānāpāna-s-sati" as well as "Anapapana".