4👑☸ Cattāri Ariya-saccaṃ 四聖諦

☸Dhamma = Dharma

The Buddha's Teaching

(4👑☸)UPED   → ☸Dhamma   (⤴)

☸Dhamma, dhamma

1. ☸Dhamma = The Buddha's Teaching.
2. Dhamma = Natural laws of the universe, like impermanence, death, illness, etc.
3. dhamma = idea/thought cognizable by the mind (6aya): 💭 manasā dhammaṃ viññāya.
4. dhamma = thing. A broad term that can mean anything.

In more detail.
Dhamma = Buddha's teaching that leads to virāga ... nirvana: Dhamma in this context, as well as in dhamma-vicaya-sambojjhanga, is commonly mistranslated as "phenomena", "mental qualities", etc.

The oral tradition works together holistically with Sati, dhamma-vicaya, memorization. It requires Dhamma=specialized Teaching, not "phenomena"
Dharma = Dhamma.
discussion of how translators render Dhamma


{the practice of} dhamma/Dhamma that accords with {the Buddha's} ☸Dhamma
usage in EBT, all sutta passages here:

☸Dhamma-anu-passana 🐘

The 4th category of 4sp, Dhamme-dhamma-anupassi, means one continuously see the ☸Dhamma in the ☸Dhamma. In other words, one is continuously practicing a ☸Dhamma that is correct, not a corrupt version, not a confused version, not an impure version.
(☸ 8aam) → 7🐘: sammā-sati's 4th category
the real meaning of the cryptic formula in 4sp satipatthana


Having heard [and/or learned] the Dhamma.
every occurence of that phrase collected here:
See Dhamma-vicaya and SN 46.3 for how listening to Dhamma precedes sati-sambojjhanga memorizing and recollecting that Dhamma.
The oral tradition works together holistically with Sati, dhamma-vicaya, memorization. It requires Dhamma=specialized Teaching, not "phenomena"


(7sb☀️) → 2💭🕵️Dhamma-vicaya-sam-bojjhaṅga of 7sb and the 4th category of 4sp, Dhamma-anu-passsana, are one and the same

SN 46.3 (7sb☀️)

This is one of the most important models in the EBT. You should have it memorized and know it by heart forwards and backwards. This is the canonical definition of "bhāvana", meditation, every method of meditation that generates samadhi and jhanas, uses this model. It appears as part of many 16 APS suttas, it often appears without the explicit "bojjhanga" suffix attached, but a partial causal sequence is unmistakable.
(0. 👂 Bhikkhūnaṃ dhammaṃ sutvā)
0. 👂 listen to Dhamma [teaching] from a monk [and memorize it]
(1. 🐘 Sati: taṃ Dhammaṃ anus-sarati anu-vitakketi)
1. 🐘 that Dhamma [teaching] (he) recollects and thinks about
(2. 💭 Dhamma-vicaya: taṃ dhammaṃ paññāya, pa-vicinati pa-vicarati pari-vīmaṃsam-āpajjati )
2. 💭 that Dhamma discerning; he discriminates, evaluates, investigates
(3. 🏹 Vīriya: āraddhaṃ hoti vīriyaṃ a-sallīnaṃ.)
3. 🏹 his aroused vigor is not-slackening
(4. 😁 Pīti: Āraddha-vīriyassa uppajjati pīti nir-āmisā,)
4. 😁 his aroused vigor leads to arising of rapture not-carnal (of jhana)
(5. 🌊 Passaddhi: Pīti-man-assa, kāyo-pi passambhati, cittam-pi passambhati )
5. 🌊 with enraptured-mind, his body becomes pacified, his mind becomes pacified
(6. 🌄 Samādhi: Passaddha-kāyassa sukhino, cittaṃ samādhiyati.)
6. 🌄 with pacified body, he is in pleasure, mind becomes undistractable and lucid.
(7. 👁 Upekkha: so tathā-samāhitaṃ cittaṃ, sādhukaṃ ajjh-upekkhitā hoti)
7. 👁 he of such undistractable & lucid mind, thoroughly looks-upon-it-with-equanimity
(7 types of fruits, Nirvana)
Seven different levels of awakening results from proper practice of 7sb.

☸Dhamma-vitakka 💭

thoughts related to Dhamma, occurs in first-jhāna. In AN 8.30 they're explicitly called "Dhamma vitakka", but in other suttas they can be referred to as Dhamma, as samadhi nimittas, as anus-sati/recollections, as perceptions/sañña.
Especially as 8aam->samma sankappo(vitakka),
AN 5.57 ☸5, AN 6.10 buddha, dhamma..., AN 8.30 Anuruddha, AN 10.48 ☸10,
SN 46 #57-76: 20 meditation subjects that feed in 7sb machine. They can occurs as perceptions in 2nd jhana and up, or as V&V in first jhana.

V&V💭 in the EBT:

vitakka & vicāra: thinking & evaluation (of said thought):

☸Dharma, dharma

(Oxford English Dictionary, curly brace{} comment added by me)

(1) {Dharma:} (in Indian religion) the eternal and inherent nature of reality, regarded in Hinduism as a cosmic law underlying right behaviour and social order.

(1.1) {☸Dharma:} (in Buddhism) the nature of reality regarded as a universal truth taught by the Buddha; the teaching of Buddhism.

(1.2) {dharma:} An aspect of truth or reality. ‘all dharmas are forms of emptiness’

Origin: Sanskrit, literally ‘decree or custom’.

what pali/sanskrit words have made it into English dictionary?

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