4👑☸ Cattāri Ariya-saccaṃ 四聖諦
👑8☸ → 8🌄 Sammā Samādhi
“katamo ca, bhikkhave, sammā-samādhi?
|What **, *********, is right-undistractable-lucidity?
🚫💑 vivicc’eva kāmehi …
|🚫💑 Quite-withdrawn (from) sensuality, …
🌘 paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. …
|🌘 first Jhāna (he) enters, dwells. …
🌗 dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. …
|🌗 second Jhāna (he) enters, dwells. …
🌖 tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. …
|🌖 third Jhāna (he) enters, dwells. …
🌕 catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati
|🌕 fourth Jhāna (he) enters, dwells.
"Monks, what is righteous undistractible lucidity?"
1. Quite withdrawn from sensuality,
withdrawn from unskillful ☸Dharma
with directed-thought and evaluation,
with the rapture and pleasure born from withdrawal,
he enters and dwells in the first stage of zen (j1🌘
2. With directed thoughts and evaluation subsiding,
with internal assurance,
his mind 🌄 transcends into singularity.
Without thought and evaluation,
with the rapture and pleasure born from undistractible lucidity,
he enters and dwells in the second stage of zen (j2🌗
3. With rapture fading,
he meditates equanimously observing,
🐘💭 remembering [and applying relevant ☸Dharma
], he lucidly discerns.
He experiences pleasure with the body.
The Noble Ones praise this [stage of zen]:
"Equanimously observing and remembering [to engage in relevant ☸Dharma
], they have a pleasurable abiding."
He enters and dwells in the third stage of zen (j3🌖
4. With the abandoning of pleasure and pain,
with the previous abandoning of elated and distressed mental states,
experiencing sensations of neither pain nor pleasure,
his equanimous observation and his remembering [and application of relevant ☸Dharma
] is purified.
He enters and dwells in the fourth stage of zen (j4🌕
"Monks, this is called righteous undistractible lucidity."
The essence of Sammā Samādhi
• The elephant is sati ("mindful"). Always remembers what ☸Dharma
he needs to do, never forgets.
• The rider/mahout is the wise gate keeper from AN 7.67
🏰, the frontier fortress.
• elephant & rider = S&S🐘💭
= sati & sampajāno = remembering & lucid-discerning
• Together, they are resilient (khamo), can patiently endure any kind of horrifying trauma.
: “And how is a king’s elephant resilient to ...fearful sights... horrible smells ... terrifying sounds ... physical pain ...? ... having gone into battle, he is pierced by a flight of arrows, two flights, three flights, four flights, five flights of arrows, but he doesn’t falter or faint, he steels himself and engages in the battle...
• That resilience 🌄🐘🛡️🏹
(khamo) is the defining
characteristic of samādhi. Not "stillness". Pacification and serenity are important nutriments
of samādhi, but they are not equivalent to it.
• There are many 'samādhi suttas' in the EBT, but only one sutta titled "sammā samādhi" AN 5.113
. Its central focus is Khamo/resilience, not "stillness".
• Samādhi is not a trance, not a state where you can't think, can not act, and not form an intention.
• Samādhi is dynamic. It can appear quiescent, but it's poised and alert, not in a frozen trance. When you're in samādhi, you may appear very still, but you ready
• Ready, on a moment's notice, to fight the āsavās and break through to nirvana.
• Samādhi is the pinnacle 🌄 of lucidity, of mental power. AN 5.113
: “possesssing five-of-these qualities,
(a) monk [is] capable (of) dwelling in righteous-undistractable-lucidity,
Which five? (a) monk is resilient to forms, sounds, odors, tastes, and tactile-objects,
What is Samādhi?
: broad umbrella term, many nuances | 4j🌕 ≈ 4sp🐘
STED Sammā Samādhi from Pāli and Agamas, and sanskrit
⛔Wrong samādhi, wrong Jhāna
jhāna and samādhi similes
: a collection of sutta ref's.
The four Jhānas
code phrases that mean "do 4 jhānas": also codes for other samādhi attainments, and JST🥪 do it (jhāna sandwich theorem)
samādhi in 3 ways: with V&V💭, with some vicāra, without V&V: They map into 4 jhānas
🔬 Detailed research on role of 🌄 Ek'aggatā, Ekodi in Jhānas
🚶 Walking meditation, samādhi & jhāna in all postures: Also see noble silence 👑😶
always should be in samādhi & jhāna in all postures 24/7: or at least strive to be
learner's jhāna, impure jhāna, is still called "jhāna":
The 4 jhānas have 7☀️ factors. Not 5.
hearing in jhāna👂🌄 : You can hear sounds in the 4 jhānas. Which samādhis are silent?
4 Jhānas: Where insight 👁 happens
V&V💭: thinking & evaluation
S&S🐘💭: remembering & lucid-discerning
4 Jhānas🌕 ≈ 4 Satipaṭṭhāna🐘 | ☂️🌄 nuance and range of samādhi
🛆👁 Upekkha in the Jhānas, 7sb, 4bv. : Equanimous-observation 👁 powered by samādhi 🌄
What are samādhi-nimittas?
samādhi-nimitta are the 4sp : sati remembers Dhamma, nimittas are Dhammas fed into the 7sb machine.
STED 4 jhānas 🌕
STED 4j🌕 = 4 jhānas 🌕
j1🌘 = paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ = First Jhāna
j2🌗 = dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ = Second Jhāna
j3🌖 = tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ = Third Jhāna
j4🌕 = catutthaṃ jhānaṃ = Fourth Jhāna
j2🌗: Ekodi-bhava 🌄, ariyo vā tuṇhī-bhāvo = noble silence 👑😶
j3🌖: S&S🐘💭 sati & sam-pajāno, Upekkha (7🛆👁), pleasurable abiding here and now
j4🌕: Upekkha (7🛆👁), aneñja (imperturbability)
🛇👻 The four Jhānas are not formless samādhi attainments
Not formless means you have physical body 🗸🏃♀️ awareness, you can feel leg pain, you can hear sounds. In 3rd and 4th jhāna, the sense of the body may subjectively be experienced as increasingly subtle, fading out. But if you can no longer hear sounds, can not kinaesthetically locate where your hands, feet, head are, have no sense of direction of up and down, then you've crossed over into formless samādhi, and you are no longer in the four jhānas.
• rūpa is not a-rūpa, 4 jhānas operate in rūpa
: You think that would be obvious, but it's not a well understood point, thanks to late Theravada propaganda redefining 4 jhānas as formless (see VRJ👻🥶
• In the 4 jhānas, the body
is physical 🗸🏃♀️, and feelings
by default originate and are experienced from the physical 🗸🏃♀️
• If you can feel leg pain and mosquito bites in the 4 jhānas, then ...
• hearing in jhāna👂🌄
: You can hear sounds in the 4 jhānas. Which samādhis are silent?
• If you can walk and do the jhānas in all 4 postures
, then obviously you must have body awareness and can't be in a formless samādhi.
• s5👻 ākāsā-nañcā-(a)yatanaṃ
: if you study the terms in the space infinitude dimension formula for patigha sañña and nanatta sañña, it's clear that it must mean in the four jhānas one is sensitive to the physical anatomical body, i.e. not in a formless samādhi.
Formless attainments 🗸👻
These are not explicitly defined under Sammā Samādhi, but several passages suggest these are a subset of fourth jhāna.
STED (smd 5) ākāsā-nañcā-(a)yatanaṃ: Space-infinitude-dimension
STED (smd 6) viññāṇañcā-(a)yatanaṃ: Consciousness-infinitude-dimension
STED (smd 7) ākiñcaññā-(a)yatanaṃ: Nothingness-dimension
STED (smd 8) Neva-saññā-nāsaññā-(a)yatanaṃ: Neither-perception-nor-non-perception-dimension
STED (smd 9) Saññā-vedayita-nirodhaṃ: Perception-feeling-cessation
8 vimokkha include smd 5-9, as well as 2 other formless attainments and one slot for four jhānas.
8 abhi-bh-āyatana give more variations for the first 3 of the 8 vimokkha.
A-nimitta samādhi, A-nimitta ceto-vimutti: Sign-less samādhi, sign-less mind-liberation
na ca sa-saṅkhāra-niggayha-vārita-gato: no forced restraint of defilements, a description of a purified 4th jhana that's capable of realizing 6ab ⚡☸.
suññato samādhi: see MN 121 & MN 122. An article surveying all passages eventually.
Jhāna-constipation ⛜🌊: jhāna constipation and blocked passaddhi.
Mastery of Samādhi
Samādhi group, integration of specialized terms , translation issue and how they fit together
🧘🐢 Full Lotus Turtle - A comprehensive guide to sitting meditation postures
EBT compliance in Jhāna
EBT Jhāna Vs. VRJ👻🥶 (V)isuddhi-magga (Re)-definition of (J)hana and Jabrama👻🥶-jhana
EBT compliant Jhāna commentaries
All of his books are free, all of his views on Jhāna are EBT compliant: http://www.dhammatalks.org
Bhante Henepola Gunaratana
Should we come out of Jhāna to practice Vipassanā?
Beyond Mindfulness in Plain English (from wisdom pub)
His older published books and writings on Jhāna follow Vism. and is NOT EBT compliant, so beware!
Non EBT commentaries
KN Pe: Peṭakopadesa (pitaka disclosure): everything interesting it says about jhāna & samādhi
Vimt. chapter on 4 jhānas, 4 arupa attainments
Dhyāna Samādhi Sutra chapter on 4 jhānas, 4 arupa attainments, levitation
Ajahn Chah's explanation of Jhāna, samādhi
🔗Geoff Shatz, measureless mind
🔗Teachers who teach 4 Jhānas correctly, according to EBT suttas, not LBT redefinition of jhāna
🔗In pictures: this is your mind in samādhi,
🔗and mind on nimitta
🔗Where do Jedi's come from? |
🔗got my zen back
🔗Don't give up on jhāna, till you drink from the sutta cup
on the wall, do I have bias, integrity, or none at all?
🔗AN 5.113, AN 5.139 Ajahn Brahm wrong samadhi in pictures
🔗AN 7.67: The Buddha, Pa Auk Sayadaw, and Ajahn Brahm walk in to a Jhāna juice smoothie bar...
4j🌕: 4 jhānas ⊜ equivalent factors
= 4 jhānas 🌕
= paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ = First Jhāna
= dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ = Second Jhāna
= tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ = Third Jhāna
= catutthaṃ jhānaṃ = Fourth Jhāna
= samādhi-sam-bojjh-aṅga, undistractible-lucidity-awakening-factor
= sammā-samādhi, right undistractible-lucidity
samādhi in 3 ways
= samādhi in 3 ways
3rd jhāna + ASND 🌕🌟
= j4🌕 āneñja⚡
imperturbable 4th jhāna = 4ip 🌕⚡
→ 6ab ⚡☸
4j🌕: 4 jhānas central repository
Most of the information on 4 jhānas
will be collected in
= sammā-samādhi, right undistractible-lucidity. The equivalent 4j factor pages will focus on how they differ from sammā-samādhi