☸4nt → STED → 16 APS

16 APS 🌬️ 😤 (Ānā-pāna-s-sati)

(in-breath (&) out-breath remembering)


🔗🔊 ~5min pāli 🎙️Ven. Jiv. 🔗🔊 1 file
SN 54.3 Suddhika basic 16 step formula
4nt → SN → SN 54 Ānāpāna Saṃyutta: contains 20 suttas on the topic
The Buddha's commentary on 16 APS: Direct EBT quotes that apply to these 16 APS.
Ānāpāna-smṛti in the Chinese Āgamas: Scripture from 2 other EBT schools

EBT compliant 16 APS interpretation

EBT compliant commentary for 16 APS: from non-EBT sources
Thanissaro Bhikkhu's books and articles on dhammatalks.org, especially "With Each and Every Breath"

Bhante Henepola Gunaratana: Beyond Mindfulness in Plain English, 2010 CE (from wisdom pub). The book is more broadly based on EBT Jhāna. 16 APS is one of the methods he discusses, but does not focus in detail on the 16 steps. His older published books and writings on Jhāna follow Vism. and is NOT EBT compliant, so be careful!

Ajahn Lee's Method 2: is a superb EBT compliant 16 APS interpretation. He does not use all the 16 APS pāli buzzwords. Also, following his teacher Ajahn Mun, he has preliminary practice of breath counting and "Buddho" to eliminate distractive thoughts. But aside from that, the essence of his 7 steps in Method 2 is Pure EBT 16 APS that takes you into Jhāna, 4 iddhi pāda and 6 abhiñña.

EBT compliant 16 APS interpretation, with caveats

KN Ps 16 APS: This is considered canonical work in Theravada. It's the earliest commentary existing on 16 APS. Visuddhimagga considers the KN Ps as part of the Abhidhamma collection. It definitely shows several Ab hallmarks, like pedantic long lists of things and detailed analysis. But it offers very detailed and helpful information on the nature of body, feelings, mind in 16 APS.

Vimutti-magga 16 APS: Early Theravada Abhidhamma theory underlies all the medititative practices in Vimt. The nuts and bolts of the actual 16 APS practice described in Vimt. are EBT compliant, but some of the terminology will be scrambled and confusing, in their effort to harmonize with Abhidhamma redefinitions of important terms and concepts like body and feeling.

Dhyāna Samādhi Sutra 16 APS: Text composed between 400 and 500 CE. Author Kumarajiva was an Early Buddhist Bhikkhu who converted to Mahayana. While the Sutra itself has many Mahayana elements, several of the meditative practices described such as the 16 APS follow pretty close to a pure EBT interpretation.